Throughout the 1930s, Southern Seminary experienced the severe strain of the Great Depression. Old Testament professor John Sampey, elected president in 1929, led the seminary through this difficult period. Enrollment declined for several years, but in 1935 it began a steady climb that continued for 25 years. Sampey led the seminary to reduce its debt, refinance its loans, and reduce its expenses. And as liberalism continued its spread in American denominations, Sampey maintained vigilance in the defense of the revealed truth of the Bible.
When he retired at the age of 80 in 1942, the seminary was strong and poised for expansion. To succeed Sampey, trustees chose Ellis A. Fuller, pastor of Atlanta First Baptist Church. Enrollment almost doubled during his eight-year presidency. Fuller established new degree programs in religious education and church music, and created a School of Church Music which opened in 1944. Fuller also enlarged the campus, acquiring a number of important properties, and built Alumni Memorial Chapel, Fuller Hall, and the Norton Hall classroom wing.
Sampey and Fuller led trustees to integrate the seminary, admitting the first black students to degree programs in 1940 and officially affirming full integration in 1951. Garland Offutt became the seminary’s first African-American graduate when he earned the Th.M. degree in 1944. Offutt went on to earn a Th.D. and served as professor and dean at Simmons College. Kentucky’s “Day Law” prohibited such integration of educational institutions in the state until 1954.
1929 John R. Sampey becomes the seminary’s fifth president.
1937 The seminary renders aid as the great flood devastates Louisville.
1942 Ellis A. Fuller becomes the seminary’s six president.
1944 School of Church Music opens.
1944 Garland K. Offutt becomes the first African-American student to earn a degree (In 1948 he earned a doctorate also).
1950 Alumni Memorial Chapel and Fuller Hall completed.
In 1944, Garland Offutt became the seminary’s first black graduate. He received the Th.M. degree and went on to earn a Th.D. before serving as professor and dean at Simmons College.
Any historical record of the founders of the Southern Baptist Convention, and The Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, is incomplete without an honest telling of their complicity in American slavery and racism. For more on that story, read here.